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Newfoundland Cultural Link​ & Immigration Services




Learning Chinese through Pinyin


1. Initials (21)

  • B p m f d t n l g k l h
  • J q x z c s zh ch sh r w y


2. Finals (24)

  • A  ai  ao  an  ang
  • o  ong   ou
  • e  ei  en  eng  er
  • i  ia iao  ie  iu  ian  iang  in ing iong
  • u ua  uo  ui  uai  uan  un uang ueng
  • ü  üe  üan ün



3. Whole syllable (16)

  • zhi chi shi ri
  • zi ci si
  • yi wu yu
  • ye yue yuan
  • yin yun ying


4. Tones

  • First tone
  • Second tone
  • Third tone
  • Fourth tone
  • Neutral tone (toneless)


(Tutor Mandarin: www.tutormandarin.net)



Learning Simple Chinese words


1. Simple words

  • Numbers in Chinese​
  • Cardinal numbers
    • Time
    • Money
    • Dates
  • Weather/climate
  • Direction
  • plants
  • Food
  • Activities
  • Sports
  • Animals
  • Quantifiers


2. Useful phrases in Daily Chinese

  • Greetings
  • Food
    • Vegetables
    • Staple food
    • Common Dishes​
  • Likes and dislikes
  • Grocery shopping
  • Ask for direction
  • Make a phone call
  • Make introductions
  • What’s this?

​(Speaking Mandarin in 500 words) 


Basic Chinese idioms


  • Thanks and Appreciation
  • Apologizing
  • Saying Goodbye
  • Compliment
  • Appraisal
  • Affirmation
  • Negation
  • Agreement
  • Opposition
  • Comforting
  • Admonition
  • Dissatisfaction
  • Doubting
  • Surprise
  • Appointment
  • Rejection
  • Warning and Advising
  • To Let Go
  • Helplessness
  • Challenge
  • Congratulations and Wishes
  • Formalities


(100 Popular Chinese Idioms)